Have you been accused of impaired driving or refusing to provide a breath sample in Alberta? Seeking the immediate professional advice of a criminal defence lawyer is imperative before appearing in court. You may be able to get your license back and our lawyers can assist with that.
Seeking support from a defence lawyer provides you with the necessary information you need to know about your legal rights and responsibilities. It is important for you to be informed about impaired driving offences, prosecution, and sentencing in Alberta and across Canada. At Liberty Law, it is our mission to advise and educate you when it comes to impaired driving-related offences.
The most important first step you can do is to hire a well-respected DUI lawyer in Edmonton or Grande Prairie. This ensures that anything you say or do will not be used against you in your criminal case.
The police, prosecutors, and the courts in Canada take impaired operation allegations extremely seriously. Impaired driving has become one of the most complex areas of criminal defence work. If you have been accused of operating a vehicle while impaired (DUI) or refusing to provide a sample, it is important to rely on specialized and experienced defence lawyers who can assist in the constantly changing provincial punishments and regulations related to these offences.
The moment that you are charged with these offences, you will be suspended under the Traffic Safety Act. If convicted of operating a vehicle while impaired (DUI), or refusing to provide a sample, the consequences can be quite severe. If it is your first offence, you will likely be facing a fine, a lengthy driving suspension and a permanent criminal record.
Insurance rates will also increase substantially. If it is your second (or third offence), there is a real possibility that you may be facing a period of imprisonment. This is why seeking legal advice from a lawyer who specializes in defending these types of charges is vital. Contact our Edmonton or Grande Prairie Office for a free consultation.
Impaired driving, more commonly referred to as Driving Under the Influence (DUI), is driving after having consumed any amount of alcohol or drug that affects your ability to operate a vehicle. It is important to note that a DUI charge is based on your ability to operate a vehicle and not on the results of an analysis of your breath.
To be convicted of impaired operation of a conveyance, a crown prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that your ability to operate a conveyance was impaired. It is also important to know that impairment can vary in degree from mild to severe. This means that one does not have to be heavily intoxicated in order to be convicted.
Impaired driving is the charge under section 320.14 of the Criminal Code of Canada which states:
Everyone commits an offence who
(a) operates a conveyance while the person’s ability to operate it is impaired to any degree by alcohol or a drug or by a combination of alcohol and a drug;
(b) subject to subsection (5), has, within two hours after ceasing to operate a conveyance, a blood alcohol concentration that is equal to or exceeds 80 mg of alcohol in 100 mL of blood;
(c) subject to subsection (6), has, within two hours after ceasing to operate a conveyance, a blood drug concentration that is equal to or exceeds the blood drug concentration for the drug that is prescribed by regulation; or
(d) subject to subsection (7), has, within two hours after ceasing to operate a conveyance, a blood alcohol concentration and a blood drug concentration that is equal to or exceeds the blood alcohol concentration and the blood drug concentration for the drug that are prescribed by regulation for instances where alcohol and that drug are combined.
Police do not need to prove your blood alcohol level to convict you of operating a vehicle while under the influence. Even if your ability to drive was slightly impaired due to consuming alcohol and/or a drug, that may be enough for a judge to convict you.
In order to prove a person’s ability to operate a motor vehicle was impaired, police will testify based on the signs of impairment they observed. These signs may include:
DUI is one of the most common criminal offences in Canada. In the province of Alberta, there are approximately 15,000 people charged with the criminal offence of impaired driving each year.
In 2014, according to the Edmonton Police Service, 1,838 people were arrested for operating a vehicle while impaired by alcohol or drugs. 74 people were arrested in December alone as a result of Operation Checkstop.
The five main criminal offences related to impaired driving are:
|Column 1||Column 2|
|1||Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)||5 ng/mL of blood|
|2||Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)||Any detectable level|
|3||Psilocybin||Any detectable level|
|4||Psilocin||Any detectable level|
|5||Phencyclidine (PCP)||Any detectable level|
|6||6-Monoacetylmorphine||Any detectable level|
|7||Ketamine||Any detectable level|
|8||Cocaine||Any detectable level|
|9||Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB)||5 mg/L of blood|
|10||Methamphetamine||Any detectable level|
The lawful limit for a combination of drugs and alcohol is 50 mg of alcohol per 100 mL of blood and 2.5 ng of THC per mL of blood.
In all cases, your driver’s license is will be seized immediately and your ability to drive will be suspended. This suspension can be appealed but must be done within 30 days. Our lawyers are very experienced in these appeals and may be able to can get your licence back depending on the right facts.
Consequences for driving while suspended vary. For a first offence, you will have your vehicle seized for 30 days and a summons issued for court attendance to respond to driving while suspended. If convicted, you will be fined up to $2000.00 and you will lose your licence for an additional 6 months.
If you are convicted of driving while prohibited in Alberta the usual sentence is 30 days in jail and an additional one year driving prohibition.
DUI charges involve a number of items, including a Promise to Appear, Notice of Intention To Seek Greater Punishment, Certificate of Analysis, and Alberta Administrative License Suspension/Disqualification.
This is a document indicating when you are required to attend for court and when you are required to attend at the police station for fingerprinting. This document is legally informing you to attend court.
Failure to attend either date may lead to an additional criminal charge of failing to appear and may involve a warrant being issued for your arrest. This is why immediately seeking the legal advice of a DUI lawyer in Edmonton or Grande Prairie is imperative. Knowing your rights and your legal obligations is key.
This is always issued. As stated, it describes what you are being charged with and that if you have previously been convicted of specific offences, the Crown Prosecutor may seek a greater punishment (if convicted) because you are not considered a first-time offender.
This certificate provides your blood alcohol level obtained the “approved instrument”. This certificate will provide two readings. In Canada the legal limit is 80 milligrams of alcohol in 100 millilitres of blood. The certificate will have two truncated (rounded down to the nearest tenth) readings that the Qualified Breath Technician obtained.
This will be issued to a driver charged under the Criminal Code for:
The mandatory minimum penalty depends on your blood alcohol content. If you have a blood alcohol concentration that is between .08 and .11 then the mandatory minimum is a $1000.00 fine. If you have a blood alcohol concentration that is between .12 and .15 then the mandatory minimum is a $1,500 fine. If you have a blood concentration that is equal to or exceeds .16 then the mandatory minimum is a $2,000 fine. In addition to the fine, there is a mandatory minimum driving prohibition of one year.
The mandatory minimum is 30 days in jail and a 2 year licence prohibition.
The mandatory minimum is 120 days in jail and a 3 year license suspension.
This is an in-car blood alcohol-screening device that prevents the operation of a motor vehicle if a driver’s blood alcohol is over a pre-set limit. It requires the driver to provide a random samples of breath to start the vehicle. It is located inside the vehicle and connected to the vehicle’s ignition system.
Those convicted under sections 320.14(1) and 320.15(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada must successfully complete this program in order to obtain full licence privileges. There are some exceptions that our lawyers can assist you with.
Term: 1 year – Registrar may extend until the offender no longer poses a significant risk to public safety. Costs: Program application, Device installation, Device rental, Application for restricted licence, Additional entry requirements, Device removal.
Term: 3 years – Registrar may extend until the offender no longer poses a significant risk to public safety. Costs: Program application, Device installation, Device rental, Application for restricted licence, Additional entry requirements, Device removal, Registrar may require Addictions Assessment and Monitoring.
Term: 5 years – Registrar may extend until the offender no longer poses a significant risk to public safety. Costs: Program application, Device installation, Device rental, Application for restricted licence, Additional entry requirements, Device removal, Registrar may require Addictions Assessment and Monitoring.
DUI allegations and charges are serious and require a law firm that have experience in order to provide you the best possible case in court. Our practice focuses exclusively in the area of criminal law, one that has a long history of representing clients with DUI allegations and offences in Edmonton, Grande Prairie, and the surrounding areas.
Our lawyers are trained on breath-testing instruments, and represented clients of DUI cases at all levels of court, including the Supreme Court of Canada. If accused of DUI, you are facing an immediate suspension of your driver’s licence. A good defence lawyer makes it their first priority to help you get your licence back as soon as possible. This is why it is extremely important for anyone charged with an impaired driving offence to consult with a DUI lawyer immediately. Like any criminal charge, it is an allegation until you are proven innocent.
DUI offences can happen to anyone from all walks of life. It doesn’t only happen to those with an alcohol or substance abuse problem. Sometimes it’s as simple as having one too many and getting behind the wheel due to lack of judgement or not planning alternative transportation ahead of time.
If you find yourself accused of impaired driving, hiring an experienced defence lawyer in Edmonton or Grande Prairie who specializes in impaired driving is the only way to receive the proper advice on how to successfully fight your DUI charges.
In Alberta there can be consequences for driving with alcohol in your system even if your blood alcohol does result in criminal charges. If your blood alcohol is between .05 and .07 the consequences depend on how often this has occurred.
Impaired driving law has become one of the more fascinating and complicated areas of criminal law. At Liberty Law, a number of our Edmonton DUI lawyers have gained a wealth of specialized experience in the successful defence of persons charged with impaired driving (DUI). We can also assist with the ever changing provincial punishments and regulations that seriously impact a person’s ability to drive the moment they are charged.
The Charter of Rights and Freedoms plays a huge role in these prosecutions. In 1988 the Supreme Court of Canada delivered a key ruling in R. v. Hufsky. This case set out the State’s ability to stop motorists and commence a criminal investigation.
Since then there have been thousands of cases on hundreds of complex legal issues that have a significant impact on defending people charged with impaired driving, driving over .08 and refusing to provide a breath sample.
In addition to Charter issues, there are many highly technical defences that arise in this area such as whether the police properly followed the steps in the Criminal Code. Our lawyers pride themselves on knowing the process better than even the most senior prosecutors or police officers.
There are very few downsides to running an impaired driving trial. The court room experience we have built over the years by running thousands of trials pays dividends for each and every one of our clients.
Lawyers with less experience may shy away from challenging supposedly open and shut impaired cases. Our lawyers rely on a huge wealth of experience to find ingenious ways to successfully defend their clients.
In any criminal trial, there can be no guarantee of success and one should be wary of any lawyer who does. However, we are confident that our Edmonton DUI lawyers are among the very best in this field and among a select few in Alberta who truly know this area of the law. With that expertise we can truly offer a client every defence possible in this exceedingly complex area of the law.Request Free Consultation
If you have a criminal law issue, contact one of our lawyers immediately.
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